Yoakum, Texas

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Yoakum, Texas
City center
City center
Official seal of Yoakum, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Leather Capital of Texas,
Hub City of South Texas
Location of Yoakum, Texas
Location of Yoakum, Texas
Lavaca County Yoakum.svg
Coordinates: 29°17′28″N 97°8′50″W / 29.29111°N 97.14722°W / 29.29111; -97.14722Coordinates: 29°17′28″N 97°8′50″W / 29.29111°N 97.14722°W / 29.29111; -97.14722
Country United States
State Texas
CountiesLavaca, DeWitt
IncorporatedMay 13, 1889
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City councilMayor Anita R. Rodriguez
Elorine Sitka
Tim McCoy
Rodney Jahn
Tim Faulkner
 • City managerKevin Coleman
Area
 • Total4.59 sq mi (11.88 km2)
 • Land4.58 sq mi (11.86 km2)
 • Water0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
365 ft (111.3 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,815
 • Density1,270/sq mi (490.3/km2)
 • Demonym
Yoakumite
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77995
Area code(s)361
FIPS code48-80560
GNIS feature ID1377671
Websitewww.cityofyoakum.org

Yoakum is a city in Lavaca and DeWitt counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 5,815 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

The area was sparsely settled until a townsite was laid out with the construction of the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway in 1887, and named for Benjamin F. Yoakum, a vice president of the line. The railroad built a roundhouse and maintenance shops there, employing hundreds of workers. The town was incorporated in 1889. According to the Handbook of Texas Online, "By 1896 Yoakum had a cotton mill, three cotton gins, a compress, several churches, a bank, an ice factory, specialty and general stores, two weekly newspapers and one daily, a school system with 700 pupils, and a population of 3,000. By 1914 the number of residents had reached 7,500."[2] In the early 20th century, the Tex-Tan company, later part of the Tandy Corporation, manufactured saddles, bridles, harnesses, belts, and wallets. Other industries included a dairy, a cannery, meat-packing and food-processing plants, and a metalworking shop. Beginning in 1926, tomato farming in the surrounding area became a major agricultural business, with Yoakum being known as "the tomato capital of south central Texas."[3]

Geography[edit]

Yoakum is located on the border of Lavaca and DeWitt counties at 29°17′28″N 97°8′50″W / 29.29111°N 97.14722°W / 29.29111; -97.14722 (29.291052, -97.147315).[4] U.S. Route 77 Alternate forms the northwest boundary of the city and leads northeast 17 miles (27 km) to Hallettsville and southwest 16 miles (26 km) to Cuero. Texas State Highway 111 passes through the center of Yoakum, leading southeast 39 miles (63 km) to Edna and west 9 miles (14 km) to Hochheim. Texas State Highway 95 leaves US 77A at the north end of Yoakum and leads north 8 miles (13 km) to Shiner.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Yoakum has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.9 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.20%, is covered by water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Yoakum has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,745
19003,499100.5%
19104,65733.1%
19206,18432.8%
19305,656−8.5%
19404,733−16.3%
19505,23110.5%
19605,76110.1%
19705,755−0.1%
19806,1486.8%
19905,611−8.7%
20005,7312.1%
20105,8151.5%
Est. 20166,019[6]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, 5,731 people, 2,156 households, and 1,515 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,256.2 people per square mile (485.3/km²). There were 2,529 housing units at an average density of 554.3 per square mile (214.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.29% White, 11.88% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 12.41% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 33.89% of the population.

Of the 2,156 households, 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were not families. About 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city, the population was distributed as 29.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,680, and for a family was $30,556. Males had a median income of $23,226 versus $15,594 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,835. About 16.0% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Media and journalism[edit]

  • Yoakum Herald-Times, area newspaper

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Yoakum city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  2. ^ Orozco-Vallejo, Mary M. "Yoakum, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  3. ^ Orozco-Vallejo, Mary M. "Yoakum, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Yoakum, Texas
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Wayne Graham Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  10. ^ Walter Prescott Webb, Eldon Stephen Branda, The Handbook of Texas vol. 3 (1952), p. 482
  11. ^ "Obert Logan". databaseFootball.com. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2012.

External links[edit]