Yutian County, Xinjiang

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Yutian County

于田县كېرىيە ناھىيىسى

Keriyu; Yutien
Yutian County in 1965
Yutian County in 1965
Location of the county (red) within Hotan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of the county (red) within Hotan Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yutian is located in Xinjiang
Yutian
Yutian
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 36°52′N 81°42′E / 36.867°N 81.700°E / 36.867; 81.700Coordinates: 36°52′N 81°42′E / 36.867°N 81.700°E / 36.867; 81.700
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
PrefectureHotan Prefecture
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Yutian County, Xinjiang
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese于田县
Traditional Chinese於田縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese玉田县
Traditional Chinese玉田縣
Second alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese克里雅县
Traditional Chinese克里雅縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurكېرىيە ناھىيىسى

Yutian County (Chinese: 于田县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Keriya County (Uyghur: كېرىيە ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 克里雅县), is a county in Hotan Prefecture, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. It contains an area of 39,023 km2 (15,067 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 220,000. Its government is located at Keriya Town.

Name[edit]

The county derives its Chinese name from the Kingdom of Khotan, although the official name was written as "于阗" at the time.[1] This was later changed to "玉田" (literally, Jade Field) following the adoption of Simplified Chinese, and eventually to "于田".[2] Also its Uyghur name is derived from the Keriya River.

Yutian County is dubbed the "Home of Jade".[3]

History[edit]

Yutian County (于阗县) was formed in 1882, its administrative center was Karakash, and Keriya was only a post station. In 1885, the administrative center of the county was moved to Keriya. The ancient name of Keriya was Ganmi (Gyuymi, Umi). The names Yutian and Ganmi were used by the Chinese envoy Zhang Qian in his 125 BCE report on his embassy's travels.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 31, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)