ZH-29 Automatic rifle
|Place of origin||Czechoslovakia|
|Used by||See Users|
|Mass||4.5 kg (9.9 lb)|
|Length||1,150 mm (45 in)|
|Barrel length||545 mm (21.5 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, tilting bolt|
|Muzzle velocity||808 m/s (2,650 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||350 metres|
|Feed system||5, 10 or 20-round box magazine|
The ZH-29 was a semi-automatic rifle developed in Czechoslovakia during the late 1920s, and used by the Chinese National Revolutionary Army. The ZH-29 is one of the first successful self-loading rifles in service.
The ZH-29 is a gas-operated service rifle with a tilting-bolt locking system similar to that which would be later used in the Sturmgewehr 44; although while the bolt of the German gun tilts vertically, that of the ZH-29 does so to the left side. Externally the most distinctive feature is that the barrel is offset at a slight angle to the receiver to compensate for this. Also unusually, the rifle uses an aluminium barrel jacket.
An upgraded variant was designated ZH-32.
In China, Zhang Zuolin army received 150 ZH-29 and 100 ZH-32. Provincial troops of Guangdong also received 33 ZH-32. A derivative prototype was built in 1932 in Shenyang. It is unlikely these guns saw action during the Sino-Japanese War.
- Republic of China
- Czechoslovakia
- Ethiopian Empire: 100 ZH-32
- Japan (Copy)
- Ness, Leland; Shih, Bin (July 2016). Kangzhan: Guide to Chinese Ground Forces 1937–45. Helion & Company. p. 254. ISBN 9781910294420.
- Springfield Armory page on the ZH-29 (SPAR item 3633) quoting from Walter, John. RIFLES OF THE WORLD. 3rd Edition. Krause Publications. Iola, Wi. 2006
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic; Jimma University; Addis Ababa University; University of West Bohemia; Embassy of the Czech Republic in Addis Ababa. "The 20th Century Revisited: Relations between former Czechoslovakia and Ethiopia" (PDF).
- Ian McCollum (August 15, 2016). "Japanese ZH-29 Copy by Tokyo Gas & Electric". Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Smith, Joseph E. (1969). Small Arms of the World (11 ed.). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company. p. 310.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ZH-29 rifle.|
- Popenker, Maxim. "ZH-29 rifle (Czechoslovakia)". Modern Firearms. World Guns. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- "Rifle 7.92 mm Automatic ZH 29". REME Museum of Technology. The Corps of Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- McCollum, Ian. "Czech ZH29 rifle". ForgottenWeapons.com. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
- McCollum, Ian (June 7, 2011). Czech ZH29 early semiauto rifle (YouTube). ForgottenWeapons.com. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
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