Zhao Jiuzhang

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Zhao Jiuzhang in 1933

Zhao Jiuzhang (simplified Chinese: 赵九章; traditional Chinese: 趙九章; pinyin: Zhào Jiǔzhāng; Wade–Giles: Chao Chiu-chang; 15 October 1907 – 26 October 1968), also known as Jeou Jang Jaw, was a Chinese meteorologist and physicist.[1] He was a pioneer of Chinese space technology and is considered as a founding father of China's satellite program.[2]


Born in Kaifeng, Henan Province on 15 October 1907. From 1925 to 1927, he studied electrical engineering at Zhejiang Industrial School (now Zhejiang University) in Hangzhou.[3][4] He then transferred to Tsinghua University in Beijing. He graduated from the Department of Physics, Tsinghua in 1933. In 1935, he went to the University of Berlin; in 1938, he obtained his PhD.

He was a professor of Tsinghua University, National Central University (now Nanjing University), and National Southwestern Associated University.

During the Cultural Revolution, he was persecuted by the Red Guards and committed suicide in October 1968.

Membership & presidency[edit]

  • Academician, Chinese Academy of Science, 1955 election
  • Director, Institute of Meteorology, Academia Sinica
  • Director, Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science
  • Director, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science
  • President, Chinese Academy of Satellite Designation
  • President, Chinese Meteorological Society
  • President, Chinese Geophysical Society

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jiuzhang Zhao "Meteorologist, geophysicist and space physicist."
  2. ^ 张九庆《自牛顿以来的科学家》第31章“两弹一星”与中国科学家 Archived July 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine 赵九章是中国人造卫星的倡导者和组织者,可以称为“中国人造卫星之父”。
  3. ^ 浙江大学校友总会网 Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine 1925至1927年就读浙江公立工业专门学校(今浙江大学)电机工程科。
  4. ^ 解放前曾在浙大任教、求学,后成为中国科学院院士、中国工程院院士的校友 Archived October 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine 1925年至1929年在浙江公立工业专门学校(浙江大学前身)电机科就学。

External links[edit]