Zond L1S-1

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Zond L1S-1
Mission type
Range32-35 km
Apogee30 km
Start of mission
Launch date21 February 1969, 09:18 (1969-02-21UTC09:18Z) UTC
Launch siteSite 110P

Zond L1S-1 was a Zond capsule to be placed into orbit around the Moon by the first launch of the N1, a Soviet made super heavy-lift launch vehicle designed to land manned Soviet spacecraft on the Moon.[1][2]The Zond capsule was equipped with a dummy lander and cameras to photograph the lunar surface for possible sites of a manned landing.[3] The failure of the N1 launch vehicle caused the launch escape system to ignite, saving the Zond capsule from destruction.


  1. ^ "Tentative IDs". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  2. ^ "N1 No. 3L launch". www.russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  3. ^ "Tentative IDs". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2019-09-24.