Zourafa (Greek: Ζουράφα), also called Ladoxera (Λαδόξερα), is a Greek rocky islet in the northeastern Aegean, six nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) east of Samothrace. It is part of the Thracian Sporades archipelago and is the northeastern-most Greek possession in the Aegean. Zourafa has an area of nine square metres (97 sq ft) and a 32-metre (0.020 mi) long coastline. A lighthouse operates on Zourafa.
The etymology of Zourafa is uncertain. Zourafa is inscribed "Zürafa kaya" on the 1521 Piri Reis map, meaning "giraffe rock" in Turkish. Nikolaos Fardys, a Samothracian scholar, published a monograph on Zourafa in 1897, referring to the islet as "[τα] Ζγόραφα" (Zgorafa). Its alternate name, Ladoxera "oil reef", was given to it by sailors who would often spot oil slicks around Zourafa.
Zourafa is located six nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) east of Skepasto, the northeastern tip of the island of Samothrace, and 22 nautical miles (41 km; 25 mi) from Alexandroupoli. It has an estimated area of 9 square metres (97 sq ft) and measures 32 metres (0.020 mi) in circumference (undated). Zourafa has been gradually reduced in size by erosion. It peaks out of a 30-metre (98 ft) long underwater ledge, remnant of a volcanic island. Sailors are cautioned about navigating in the vicinity of Zourafa.
Zourafa is part of Greece, and there is a lighthouse on the island. In 2011, it was reported in Greek press that Turkey had started questioning the issue of treaties over the islet, however it is unclear if this is official Turkish policy(see Aegean dispute).
The lighthouse on Zourafa was destroyed by severe weather in the winter of 2012 and was rebuilt by September. The new lighthouse is powered by solar energy. An icon of Saint Nicholas was placed "in prominent view". Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, and his icon is found on many ships and in many ports in Greece.
Zourafa comprises a Natura 2000-designated area, along with the Fengari mountain and eastern coastal region of Samothrace and the bordering sea. The site was designated a Special Area of Conservation in 2011.
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