Lawton, Henry Ware, 1843-1899

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U.S. Army officer; served with distinction in the Civil War, Apache War, Spanish-American War, and was the only U.S. general officer to be killed during the Philippine-American War; city of Lawton, Okla., takes its name from General Lawton.

From the description of Henry Ware Lawton photograph collection, 1899-1903. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 165139131

Army officer.

From the description of Henry Ware Lawton papers, 1849-1930 (bulk 1886-1902). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 74986165

Lieutenant, Fourth U.S. Cavalry.

From the description of Letter, December 21, 1876. (State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives). WorldCat record id: 17799055

Biographical Note

  • 1843, Mar. 17: Born, Manhattan, Ohio
  • 1858 - 1861 : Attended Fort Wayne Methodist Episcopal College (now Taylor University), Fort Wayne, Ind.
  • 1861: Enlisted in the 9th Indiana Infantry (volunteers) Appointed first lieutenant, 30th Indiana Infantry (volunteers), and attained rank of brevet colonel by 1865
  • 1864 - 1865 : Commanded 30th Indiana Infantry in the Civil War; received Medal of Honor for gallantry at Atlanta, Ga.
  • 1865 - 1867 : Read law, law office of Judge Ninde, Fort Wayne, Ind., and attended Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1867: Appointed second lieutenant, United States Army
  • 1873 - 1888 : Fought in Indian War campaigns (Sioux in 1876, Ute in 1879, Apache in 1886) with rank of captain
  • 1881: Married Mary Craig
  • 1886: Led army column that pursued Geronimo and his Chiricahua Apache warriors through the mountains of Arizona and Mexico and received his surrender
  • 1898: Commanded 2nd Division, Army Corps in Cuba, during the Spanish-American War; participated in actions at Daiquiri, Siboney, El Caney, and Santiago de Cuba, and became military governor of Santiago de Cuba after the close of hostilities; held rank of colonel
  • 1898: Accompanied President William McKinley on tour of the United States
  • 1898 - 1899 : Commanded 1st Division, VIII Army Corps in the Philippines, during the Philippine Insurrection, first as brigadier and later as major general of volunteers
  • 1899, Dec. 19: Killed in action, San Mateo, Luzon, Philippines

From the guide to the Henry Ware Lawton Papers, 1849-1930, (bulk 1886-1902), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Henry Ware Lawton Papers, 1849-1930, (bulk 1886-1902) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Beuck, R. F.,. Col. R. F. Beuck stereoscope of General Lawton's troops, 1901. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Rhodes, Jack London, 1903-1965. Jack Rhodes copy of photograph of General Lawton lying in state, undated. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945 (inclusive), 1862-1904 (bulk). [microform]. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Look at Lawton photograph collection, 1910. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Ayers directory Lawton, Okla., photograph collection, 1901-1903. Museum of the Great Plains
creatorOf Carter, Robert Goldthwaite, 1845-1936,. Henry W. Lawton scrapbook, 1874-1900. Newberry Library
referencedIn Breckinridge, Clifton Rodes, 1846-1932. Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965. Library of Congress
referencedIn Johnston, Annie F. (Annie Fellows), 1863-1931. Papers of Annie F. Johnston [manuscript], 1897-1913. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lawton, Henry Ware. Letter, December 21, 1876. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Davis, James M. James M. Davis stereograph collection, 1885-1900. Museum of the Great Plains
creatorOf Lawton, Henry Ware, 1843-1899. Henry Ware Lawton papers, 1849-1930 (bulk 1886-1902). Library of Congress
creatorOf Lawton, Henry Ware, 1843-1899. Henry Ware Lawton photograph collection, 1899-1903. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt photographs [graphic], 30 May 1907. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945, (bulk 1862-1904). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Beuck, R. F., person
correspondedWith Breckinridge family family
associatedWith Carter, Robert Goldthwaite, 1845-1936, person
associatedWith Geronimo, 1829-1909. person
associatedWith Hasson, Esther Voorhees, 1867-1942. person
associatedWith Johnston, Annie F. (Annie Fellows), 1863-1931. person
correspondedWith Lawton, Mary Craig, 1855-1934 person
associatedWith Naiche, ca. 1857-1921. person
associatedWith Relief (Hospital ship : AH) corporateBody
associatedWith Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909. person
associatedWith Rhodes, Jack London, 1903-1965. person
associatedWith Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Philippine Commission (1900-1916) corporateBody
associatedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927. person
correspondedWith Worcester, Dean C. (Dean Conant), 1866-1924 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Belle Fourche River (Wyo.)
Philippines
Philippines
Cuba
United States
Luzon (Philippines)
Luzon (Philippines)
Subject
Art, American--Photographs
Spanish--American War, 1898--Medical care
Spanish--American War, 1898
Spanish--American War, 1898--Cuba
Chiricahua Indians--Wars
Generals--Photographs
Spanish--American War, 1898--Campaigns--Philippines
Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895
Spanish--American War, 1898--Philippines
Spanish--American War, 1898--Campaigns
Occupation
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1843-03-17

Death 1899-12-19

Information

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