boson

noun
bo·​son | \ ˈbō-ˌsän How to pronounce boson (audio) , -ˌzän How to pronounce boson (audio) \

Definition of boson

: a particle (such as a photon or meson) whose spin quantum number is zero or an integral number — compare fermion

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Other Words from boson

bosonic \ ˌbō-​ˈsä-​nik How to pronounce bosonic (audio) , -​ˈzä-​ \ adjective

Examples of boson in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Leptons and bosons do give us a hint to follow, however. Joe Lindsey, Popular Mechanics, "Filling the Void: What Is Dark Matter?," 28 May 2019 This Higgs then quickly morphs into other particles, such as a pair of top quarks or W bosons, where the probability of each outcome depends on the strength of the Higgs’ coupling to each type of particle. Quanta Magazine, "The Physics Still Hiding in the Higgs Boson," 4 Mar. 2019 Then there are the force carriers: photons, W and Z bosons, the Higgs, and gluons. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Quark-gluon plasma reveals viscosity-free properties," 19 Dec. 2018 But, cool them enough, and two helium atoms can pair up to create a composite boson. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Super-solid helium state confirmed in beautiful experiment," 10 Dec. 2018 According to the plan, the CEPC should be able to make a million Higgs particles over a decade, along with millions of other rare particles like W and Z bosons. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "China Plans to Build a Particle Collider Five Times More Powerful Than the LHC," 14 Nov. 2018 After ten years of making bosons, the CEPC will be retired. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "China Plans to Build a Particle Collider Five Times More Powerful Than the LHC," 14 Nov. 2018 Other elementary particles—those that researchers don’t believe can be divided any further—include six flavors of leptons and the Higgs, known as a scalar boson. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "The Large Hadron Collider Is Getting A Huge Power Boost," 19 June 2018 But there’s much more—protons and neutrons are made up of quarks held together by gluons, one of several types of boson. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "The Large Hadron Collider Is Getting A Huge Power Boost," 19 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'boson.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of boson

1947, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for boson

Satyendranath Bose †1974 Indian physicist + English -on entry 2

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Dictionary Entries near boson

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Last Updated

22 Aug 2019

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Time Traveler for boson

The first known use of boson was in 1947

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