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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80 (2001)

Chapter: Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
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Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS

The National Academy Press publishes the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Biographical Memoirs

VOLUME 80

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970.

Any opinions expressed in this memoir are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academy of Sciences.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-08281-1

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077–2933

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5–26629

Available from
NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418

COPYRIGHT 2001 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
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CONTENTS

 

 

PREFACE

 

vii

 

 

DANIEL I.ARNON
BY BOB B.BUCHANAN

 

3

 

 

LIPMAN BERS
BY IRWIN KRA AND HYMAN BASS

 

23

 

 

GEORGE DAVID BIRKHOFF
BY OSWALD VEBLEN

 

45

 

 

KARL WOLFGANG DEUTSCH
BY RICHARD L.MERRITT, BRUCE M.RUSSETT, AND ROBERT A.DAHL

 

59

 

 

ZVI GRILICHES
BY MARC NERLOVE

 

81

 

 

JOHN C.HARSANYI
BY KENNETH J.ARROW

 

109

 

 

MICHAEL HEIDELBERGER
BY HERMAN N.EISEN

 

123

 

 

ALFRED DAY HERSHEY
BY FRANKLIN W.STAHL

 

143

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
×

 

 

KARL FERDINAND HERZFELD
BY JOSEPH F.MULLIGAN

 

161

 

 

WILLIAM SUMMER JOHNSON
BY GILBERT STORK

 

185

 

 

RICHARD STOCKTON MACNEISH
BY KENT V.FLANNERY AND JOYCE MARCUS

 

201

 

 

EDWARD JAMES MCSHANE
BY LEONARD D.BIRKOVITZ AND WENDELL H.FLEMING

 

227

 

 

ROBERT LEE METCALF
BY MAY R.BERENBAUM AND RICHARD LAMPMAN

 

241

 

 

DAVID RITTENBERG
BY DAVID SHEMIN AND RONALD BENTLEY

 

257

 

 

RUTH SAGER
BY ARTHUR B.PARDEE

 

277

 

 

RAY FRED SMITH
BY PERRY ADKISSON, WILLIAM ALLEN, JOHN CASIDA, AND EDWARD SYLVESTER

 

291

 

 

FRANK HAROLD SPEDDING
BY JOHN D.CORBETT

 

301

 

 

SAM BARD TREIMAN
BY STEPHEN L.ADLER

 

329

 

 

ROBERT RATHBUN WILSON
BY BOYCE D.MCDANIEL AND ALBERT SILVERMAN

 

349

 

 

ROBERT BURNS WOODWARD
BY ELKAN BLOUT

 

367

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2001. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 80. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10269.
×

PREFACE

On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy’s goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good.

The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject’s work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation’s contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world.

R.STEPHEN BERRY

Home Secretary

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Biographic Memoirs Volume 80 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.

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