Personal Finances

In some ways, lawmakers' finances look a lot like those of many Americans. They include diverse portfolios of stocks, bonds, mutual funds and real estate. They have bank accounts, credit cards and mortgages. The difference: Politicians generally have more money, must make their investments public and routinely have access to nonpublic information.

In this section, explore what lawmakers reported in personal financial disclosures through 2016, which we used to estimate their net worth. (Learn about our methodology and why these reports matter).

Richest Members of Congress, 2016

Below are the top ten richest members of both the House and Senate, collectively they account for almost half of the entire net worth of Congress.

Name Estimated Wealth
Darrell Issa (R-Calif)
$323,782,513
Don Beyer (D-Va)
$120,366,017
Thomas MacArthur (R-NJ)
$64,462,709
Claire McCaskill (D-Mo)
$61,903,746
Suzan DelBene (D-Wash)
$59,144,535
Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif)
$58,412,517
Roger Williams (R-Texas)
$46,388,528
John Hoeven (R-ND)
$46,115,062
Richard W Allen (R-Ga)
$35,806,512
Buddy Carter (R-Ga)
$35,421,029

Poorest Members of Congress, 2016

The salary of a typical member of Congress is $174,000. No one is qualifying for food stamps, but some lawmakers carry significant personal and/or business debt. Here are those "poorest" members.

Name Estimated Wealth
David Valadao (R-Calif)
-$51,815,006
Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo)
-$2,541,995
Dennis Ross (R-Fla)
-$2,522,502
Lou Barletta (R-Pa)
-$1,210,971
Raul Labrador (R-Idaho)
-$1,061,496
Norma Torres (D-Calif)
-$783,499
Mark Desaulnier (D-Calif)
-$725,999
Seth Moulton (D-Mass)
-$677,491
Pete Aguilar (D-Calif)
-$636,997
Andre Carson (D-Ind)
-$583,500

Biggest wealth increase in Congress, 2006-2016

Download .csv file

Not all politicians come into office wealthy – but many leave that way. Here are the top 10 winners of the past decade.

Name Growth Percentage Avg. Wealth 2006 Avg. Wealth 2016
Corker, Bob (R-Tenn)
213592.4% $32,500 $69,450,025
Calvert, Ken (R-Calif)
4900.1% -$99,997 $4,800,003
Fortenberry, Jeffrey Lane (R-Neb)
4457.9% $267,511 $12,193,002
Thornberry, Mac (R-Texas)
3973.0% -$16,499 $639,005
Scott, David (D-Ga)
2994.3% $81,537 $2,523,001
Sanchez, Linda (D-Calif)
2441.6% -$32,500 $761,010
Peterson, Collin C (D-Minn)
1933.1% $83,001 $1,687,509
Jackson Lee, Sheila (D-Texas)
1921.3% $175,505 $3,547,506
Blunt, Roy (R-Mo)
1658.7% $231,502 $4,071,509
Collins, Susan M (R-Maine)
1570.9% $223,002 $3,726,047

Estimated Wealth Over Time

This graph displays the median of the estimated net worth of Senate and House members. In 2016, for example, half of the Senate was worth more than $1,450,519 million. In the House, half of the members were worth less than $257,506.

{:chart=>{:caption=>"", :subcaption=>"", :numberPrefix=>"$", :showvalues=>"0", :labelstep=>"1", :slantLabels=>"1", :bgcolor=>"FFFFFF", :labelpadding=>"10", :legendiconscale=>"1.5", :legendshadow=>"0", :legendborderalpha=>"0", :legendposition=>"bottom", :usePlotGradientColor=>"0", :bgColor=>"ffffff", :borderColor=>"ffffff", :divlinedashed=>"1", :showCanvasBorder=>"0", :showAlternateHGridColor=>"0", :plotGradientColor=>"", :plotBorderColor=>"ffffff", :showplotborder=>"0", :plotfillpercent=>"100", :showYAxisValues=>"1", :canvasBgColor=>"ffffff", :plotSpacePercent=>"50", :canvasbgalpha=>"100", :adjustDiv=>"0", :valueFontColor=>"cccccc", :valueFontSize=>"12"}, :categories=>[{:category=>[{:label=>"2006"}, {:label=>"2007"}, {:label=>"2008"}, {:label=>"2009"}, {:label=>"2010"}, {:label=>"2011"}, {:label=>"2012"}, {:label=>"2013"}, {:label=>"2014"}, {:label=>"2015"}, {:label=>"2016"}]}], :dataset=>[{:seriesname=>"House Median", :data=>[{:value=>682026}, {:value=>708505}, {:value=>673004}, {:value=>761265}, {:value=>770762}, {:value=>798135}, {:value=>854525}, {:value=>843507}, {:value=>673003}, {:value=>888508}, {:value=>257506}]}, {:seriesname=>"Senate Median", :data=>[{:value=>1949521}, {:value=>2273520}, {:value=>2055540}, {:value=>2408775}, {:value=>2426114}, {:value=>2521528}, {:value=>2743785}, {:value=>2322502}, {:value=>2218530}, {:value=>3132848}, {:value=>1450519}]}]}

The tables on this page are based on 2016 filings, the latest personal finance disclosure information available. Explore specific politicians in our "Net Worth" section.

Feel free to distribute or cite this material, but please credit the Center for Responsive Politics. For permission to reprint for commercial uses, such as textbooks, contact the Center: info[at]crp.org