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Volume 20, Number 7—July 2014
Etymologia

Artemisinin

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Artemisinin [ahrʺtə-misʹĭ-nin]

Artemisinin is an antimalarial lactone derived from qing hao (Artemisia annua or sweet wormwood). The medicinal value of this plant has been known to the Chinese for at least 2,000 years. In 1596, Li Shizhen recommended tea made from qing hao specifically to treat malaria symptoms. The genus name is derived from the Greek goddess Artemis and, more specifically, may have been named after Queen Artemisia II of Caria, a botanist and medical researcher in the fourth century bce.

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References

  1. Artemisia  II. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online [cited 2014 Apr 17]. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/36829/Artemisia-II.
  2. Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  3. Vinetz  JM, Clain  J, Bounkeua  V, Eastman  RT, Fidock  D. Chemotherapy of malaria. In: Brunton LL, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s the pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 12th ed. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2011. p. 1383–418.

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2007.et2007

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Table of Contents – Volume 20, Number 7—July 2014

Page created: June 17, 2014
Page updated: June 17, 2014
Page reviewed: June 17, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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