KAMPEN IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES
The soil of Kampen mainly exists of clay and moor. This fertile soil attracted peat cultivators who gave the settlement it's name : the fen-land was divived into strips called "kampen". Besides land there was also fish in abundance in the river the IJssel, which attracted fishermen. These first two groups of inhabitants settled on artificial hills towards the end of the eleventh century. Later the hills were connected and a dyke was born. With the dyke to protect it from the water and surrounding moors from malicious neighbours, the settlement had become favorable and safe. In the twelfth century trade and shipping grew and the IJssel, the connection between the Rhine and the Zuider Zee, was becoming busier. Many people were drown to this, and gave the settlement an urban character.